Libertarianism is a political philosophy that holds that a person should be free to do whatever he wants in life, as long as his conduct is peaceful. Thus, as long a person doesn’t murder, rape, burglarize, defraud, trespass, steal, or inflict any other act of violence against another person’s life, liberty, or property, libertarians hold that the government should leave him alone. In fact, libertarians believe that one primary purpose of government is to prosecute and punish anti-social individuals who initiate force (or fraud) against others.
With the tragic exception of slavery and several minor exceptions, the philosophy on which the United States was founded was, by and large, founded on libertarianism, especially with the ideas in the Declaration of Independence and the limitation on government powers in the Constitution.
What are some policy ramifications of what has become known as the libertarian "non-aggression principle"?
People should be free to engage in any economic enterprise without permission or interference from the state. Thus libertarians oppose all economic regulation of business activity, including occupational licensure. Libertarians also believe that people have the right to keep whatever they earn and decide for themselves what to do with their own money–spend it, invest it, save it, hoard it, or donate it.
This then means, necessarily, that libertarians are ardent advocates of laissez-faire capitalism and the free market, which is simply a natural process by which people interact peacefully with each other for mutual gain.
Solutions to today's greatest challenges
Civil LibertiesToday and Tomorrow: Libertarians are firm defenders of all of your civil liberties. As long as you do not force or fraudulently coerce someone else to participate, you have the right to do anything you want.
Drugs and alcoholToday: Jails are bursting at the their seams with non-violent drug offenders. With limited space for incarceration, and state and local budgets in jeopardy due to economic concerns, it makes sense to allow non-violent drug offenders out of jail first, followed by those who commit property crimes. Those who do physical harm to others should never be released early, in lieu of a non-violent drug offender.
Tomorrow: The decades-long war on drugs has proven to be highly injurious to a free society. People have a natural right to engage in peaceful, even self-destructive behavior as long as their conduct harms no others, even if some disapprove. Addiction should be viewed as a social, medical, and/or psychological problem; not a criminal one. Legalizing drugs would put an end to drug lords, street gangs, corruption, and the violence associated with the drug war–that is, the burglaries, robberies, thefts, etc. associated with the exorbitant black-market prices that drug users must pay to finance their habits.
EducationToday: Given the state of education, both in the Nation, and specifically in Kentucky, The Libertarian Party of Kentucky calls for a voucher system, to open the school systems to the free market. This will quickly improve the quality of education in the state of Kentucky.
Tomorrow: In the long-term, libertarians call for the complete separation of school and state, which means the repeal of school compulsory-attendance laws and school taxes –- that is, the complete end of all governmental involvement in education. This would mean a completely free market in education, in which consumers decide the best educational vehicles for their children and entrepreneurs (both for-profit and charitable) are meeting the demands of the consumers. Government education, especially in Kentucky, has destroyed the education for the current generation.
EnvironmentToday: No person has the right to pollute the property of another. Therefore, we support the use of courts to sue those who destroy the property of another.
Tomorrow: Governments are the largest destroyers of the environment. In fact, most environmental problems can be traced to public, not private, ownership of resources. The solution is to reduce the scope of government, and privatize public property to the maximum extent possible.
Foreign PolicyToday: We should begin to bring home any and all military operations not currently engaged in any direct war-time operations. We should continue to encourage a timely exit from those countries in which we are currently engaged militarily. No country, including the United States, has the responsibility, nor do they have the right, to impose their way of thinking on another country. It would have cost less to bring the peace-loving people of Iraq and Afghanistan to the United States than to "liberate" their country; both in dollars and in lives.
Tomorrow: Libertarians oppose involvement in all foreign wars as well as all foreign aid. The U.S. government should be limited to only protecting itself from direct invasion. We should learn the lessons of Vietnam and Iraq, and not involve ourselves in the affairs of other nations.
Gun ControlToday and Tomorrow: People have a right to resist the tyranny of their own government and to protect themselves from the violent acts of private criminals. The second amendment is about protection of self from all who would do harm, including government. We call for a repeal of all laws which violate our right to bears arms. This does not, contrary to those who often argue against this freedom, include munitions (such as nuclear weapons).
Health CareToday and tomorrow: The crisis in health care, especially with respect to ever-rising prices, is due to heavy government involvement in health care. Medicare, Medicaid, and licensure laws directly increase the cost to the consumer. The federal government created the now-problematic HMOs in the 1970s–why would new government regulation or nationalized health-care do any better today? These laws and programs should be repealed in favor of a totally free market in health care.
The Income TaxAll persons are entitled to keep the fruits of their labor. We call for the repeal of the estate, income, and inheritance taxes, and the abolishment of the Internal Revenue Service and Kentucky Department of Revenue. Government should not incur debt, which burdens future generations without their consent. We support the passage of a "Balanced Budget Amendment" to the U.S. Constitution, provided that the budget is balanced exclusively by cutting expenditures, and not by raising taxes.
MarriageToday: Marriage is a legally sanctioned contract between consenting adult persons. The character and content of which people of different cultures, religions, and worldviews define differently. Government should not have the authority to define, license or restrict personal relationships. Consenting adults should be free to choose their own sexual practices and personal relationships.  Also, Government should not have the authority to require that people personally or professionally recognize, or participate in the celebration of marriages of which they do not approve.
Tomorrow: Marriage should be a legal contract that confers duties and obligations upon the parties that enter into it, and not to others who are not a party to the contract. The creation or termination of which should be regulated by the parties involved and the mediating organizations that they belong to: Civic organizations, churches, and courts.
Restoration of RightsToday: Currently there are criminal offenses which have no victim. As Libertarians we believe that criminal behavior is constituted by using force against the rights of another, or through coercing them by means of fraud to willfully accede. If a "crime" is committed with neither element of force nor fraud, it should not be a crime. Likewise, anyone convicted of such an offense should have their constitutional and civil rights restored. These rights are rescinded by a jury of peers but can only be restored by a single executive.
Tomorrow: When a person has served their sentence for a non-violent felony conviction, upon their release or the completion of such probation or parole requirements, their constitutional and civil rights should be automatically restored without any requirement for action from a government official.
Social SecurityToday: The Libertarian Party of Kentucky calls for an immediate end to taxation on Social Security payments. Social Security was promised as a retirement plan, and has delivered barely enough for our seniors to survive. This should also be an important lesson for all who believe that government-provided benefits are the best solution.
Tomorrow: Libertarians believe that it is morally wrong for a person to use the state to take what doesn’t belong to them, and therefore seek a repeal of Social Security. Harry Browne outlined a workable solution in his 2000 Presidential Campaign. Allow those over 40 to remain in the program, if they so choose. Those who remain in the program would have social security paid for through the sale of Federal Land. Those under 40 would be removed from the program and the associated taxes, as the average return in a high-yield saving account, even starting at age 40, would return more than Social Security would return.
WelfareToday: The Libertarian Party of Kentucky recognizes that multiple generations have grown up in the welfare system, and have no actual concept of a life outside of that system. Therefore, we propose that all basic civil service jobs that require minimal education or skill be given to those on welfare roles, as a term of their continued receipt of welfare. Additionally, welfare should not pay more than minimum wage, as this provides a disincentive for those on welfare to exit the welfare system.
Tomorrow: Libertarians seek a repeal of all welfare primarily on moral grounds but also on the terribly destructive aspects of government welfare programs. Government welfare creates a sense of hopeless dependency on the welfare recipient -- no one is made a better person because the state is taking money from one person in order to give it to another person. People have a right to their own earnings and no one has the right to take money from someone else against their will.